Parallels between Freud and Hubbard:
1. Critics of Freud showed "resistance."
Critics of Hubbard were "suppressive."
2. Freud's "research" was sloppy and pre-determined to "prove" his theories. Examination of the written data shows failure to prove results. Same for Hubbard.
3. Freud used cocaine which was legal at the time. http://druglibrary.org/schaffer/cocaine/freud.htm
Hubbard wrote that he was popping "pinks" and greys," and his son said he used cocaine: http://www.clambake.org/archive/ronthenut/dope.htm
4. Freud used hypnotism but called it "free association" http://www.medical-library.net/specialties/framer.html?/specialties/_hypnotherapy.html
Hubbard used hypnotism but altered it, called it "light trance" or reverie and then added the e-meter and called it "auditing"
Both of them wanted to rise above being "mere" hypnotists, which were a dime a dozen.
The excellent essay Possible Origins for Dianetics
by Jon Atak lists a number of ideas Elron "squirreled" from Freud:
5. ...Freud insisted that there must be expression of emotion (or "generation of affect" ). Hubbard spoke of "returning" in Dianetics...
6. Both Hubbard and Freud spoke of emotional "charge"
--"emotionally cathected (charged) mental process" (Freud)...
---"emotional charge or energy (Hubbard)
7....Freud also described the "bewildering realization that in one and the same individual there can be several mental groupings". These are described as "valences" or "demon circuits" in Dianetics.
8. Freud was also to describe the division of the personality with his notions of the "id", "ego" and "superego"...
9. ...and with the theory of "transference" which asserts that patients transfer responses especially from parents to later figures of authority or support. This is the basis of Hubbard's valence theory as expressed, for example, through the "ally computation".
10. As with Hubbard, Freud used post-hypnotic suggestion as an analogy for the working of the unconscious mind: "In the familiar condition known as 'post-hypnotic suggestion', a command given under hypnosis is slavishly carried out subsequently in the normal state. This phenomenon affords an admirable example of the influences which the unconscious state can exercise over the conscious one; moreover, it provides a pattern upon which we can account for the phenomena of hysteria." Hubbard asserts: "it was discovered that these 'unconscious' periods ["engrams"] were rather like periods of hypnosis driven home by pain. The patient responded as if the 'unconscious' period had been post-hypnotic suggestion."
11. Freud and Hubbard both attempted to recover "chains" of traumatic memories to relieve emotional "charge". The most recent memory is taken up first, and then progressively earlier memories to the earliest (called the "earlier similar" technique in Scientology).
12. Freud also used a method dubbed "repeater technique" in Hubbard's Dianetics:"...the auditor ... notes carefully without appearing to do so, what phrases the patient chooses and repeats about his ills...
"It was observed that, while the patient was in her states of 'absence' ... she was in the habit of muttering a few words to herself which seemed as though they arose from some train of thought that was occupying her mind. The doctor [Breuer], after getting a report of these words, used to put her into a kind of hypnosis and then repeat them to her so as to induce her to use them as a starting-point." ...
13. Hubbard also accepted that Freud had understood what Hubbard was to call the "time-track": "...he (Freud) said that the body contains some sort of a record or blueprint of its immediate past." (26).
Hubbard acknowledged Freud in several places: "The early part of Freud's work back around 1894 was good and we can use it. His equation 'Full recall equals full sanity,' whether he realized it or not, was the key that unlocked the door.". "his tenet of longing for the womb stated clearly that there must be memory associated with them ['prenatal incidents']." "Freud ... did discover that there was possibly some coordination between mental reaction or mental experience and psychosomatic illnesses stemming from the mind." "It is true that Dianetics has a debt to pay to Freud" . "Sigmund Freud stressed traumatic pre-natal incidents ... Forgotten incidents were postulated by Sigmund Freud, to whom through Commander Thompson, one of his students and the friend and mentor of my youth, I am much endebted, to be a considerable factor in human sanity." However (later), Hubbard was also to deny Freud: "As a matter of fact,...Breuer... and Korzybski belong the only acknowledgments that Dianetics really would care to make...
END selected QUOTES from http://home.snafu.de/tilman/j/origins6.html
My comment: Much of Elron's early certainty in his techniques and their "scientific proof" probably came from the 20th Century popular belief that Freud was "proven" and "right." Many people still "believe" in Freud. As recently as 1999 there was a movie about a Freudian uncovering the repressed emotions of a mob boss. It's called Analyze This
with Robert De Niro and Billy Crystal. (the sequel Analyze That
is forthcoming). Alfred Hitchcock, M*A*S*H
, and even Star Trek: Next Generation
had repressed-memory plots. And many Woody Allen movies showed Woody and others on the couch in homage (okay, sarcastic homage) to Freud. But what if Freud's ideas were cool and fun and "good Hollywood drama" but totally untrue? It weakens Hubbard's claims even further.