I am a long time critique of Scientology (never a member) who is writing a PHD thesis regarding the evolution of the psychology of religion. Unlike others in the field, I put much emphasis on cults and conversion as extreme examples which shed light on the nature of religiosity in general.
One of the chapters of my thesis consists of analyzing the church of Scientology in light of my theory. I have read many books and accounts of Scientology, but I still have a few questions, mostly regarding the nature and manifestations of what scientologists call “wins”.
I understand that a “win” is a form of mystical/spiritual/religious experience. And that these come about usually during the TRs involving being still, as well as during auditing. Is that true? Are there different types of “wins”? Are wins that come about through TRs different in their nature than other wins? Can other events bring about wins? Can they occur spontaneously? How common are wins, and is this variable over time (beginners having more wins than others for example), or between people (some people just have more wins than others)? Do wins differ between people who were born into the group compared to those that join? Is the event which turns someone into a Scientologist always a win? I understand that the win is the proof that the tech works. But is it ever considered by scientologists that a win is an experience, and that experiences are not arguments?
I know that these are many different questions, and I might have missed the most important ones. So feel free to answer any of them, or just explain wins and their influence.
Thanks in advance,
Great question Yuval. Scientologists often relate their "wins" in auditing and training, as recorded in Scientology promo and magazines.
L. Ron Hubbard wrote:
WIN, intending to do something and doing it or intending not to do something and not doing it. (SH Spec 278, 6306C25)
INTENTION, 1. intention is the command factor as much as anything else. If you intend something to happen it happens if you intend it to happen. Verbalization is not the intention. The intention is the carrier wave which takes the verbalization along with it. (Abil 270) 2. degree of relative beingness which an individual desires to assume as plotted on the tone scale. (5203CM04A)
Hubbard, L. R., (1975) Dianetics and Scientology Technical Dictionary. Los Angeles: Church of Scientology of California Publications Organization.
Re: def. #2 of Intention: I.e, the higher-toned someone is on Hubbard's emotional tone scale, the more intention he or she has. Hubbard made many claims about how auditing raises people on the tone scale.
The highest point on the tone scale
is Tone 40 (Serenity of Beingness). "Serenity," as Hubbard defined it, manifests with the effortless execution of intention, total control, etc.
L. Ron Hubbard wrote:
TONE 40,1. defined as “giving a command and just knowing that it will be executed despite any contrary appearances.” Tone 40 is positive postulating. (PAB 133) 2. a positive postulate with no counter-thought expected, anticipated or anything else; that is, total control. (PAB 152) 3. an execution of intention. (HCOB 23 Aug 65) 4. means unlimited space at will. (5707C25)
TONE 40 AUDITING, 1. positive, knowing, predictable control toward the preclear’s willingness to be at cause concerning his body and his attention. (HCOB 3 Jul 59) 2. control by direct tone 40 command. (HCOB 2 Apr 58)
Hubbard, L. R. (1975). Dianetics and Scientology Technical Dictionary. Los Angeles: Church of Scientology of California Publications Organization.
I came across a book in a used book store recently, entitled Focusing
by Eugene T. Gendlin, Ph.D. which may be helpful in understanding the wins as experienced in auditing for example. The author's method of self therapy "teaches you to identify and change the way your personal problems concretely exist in your body."
Eugene T. Gendlin, Ph.D wrote:
I first heard of focusing at a clinical conference in Chicago in 1977. Norman Don, a psychologist, reported on recent research in which he had wired up experienced focusers, then observed their brainwave patterns as they attempted to elicit a felt shift--Gendlin's term for the bodily change and sense of release that accompanies the sudden new understanding of a previously unclear feeling.
The brains's alpha and theta rhythm activity shifted just before the focusers signaled a felt shift. The patterns of subsequent electroencephalographic activity suggested "reorganization at a higher level of integration." I reported on Don's experiments in Brain/Mind Bulletin in May 1977.
Gendlin, E. T. (1978). Focusing (Second ed.). New York: Everest House.
Dianetics and Scientology "therapy" is unlike focusing. However the description of "felt shift" is somewhat similar. It is experienced as a reorganization of mental content and a release of some sort.
One Scientology process called a "Date/Locate" seeks to find dates and locations of past incidents by E-meter reads (example: 75 million years ago, Mount Shasta). These incidents are dated and located "until some mass or energy blows", which is similar to a felt sense described by Dr. Gendlin.
L. Ron Hubbard wrote:
Axiom 30: “The general rule of auditing is that anything which is unwanted and yet persists must be thoroughly viewed, at which time it will vanish.” —The Axioms of Scientology
Excerpt from Axiom 38: “... Truth is the exact time, place, form and event.... Thus we see that the discovery of Truth would bring about an As-is-ness by actual experiment.”—The Axioms of Scientology
A thetan knows that if he could remember the exact place a thing had been generated, the exact time and the exact conditions, and the exact person who did it, he would then get a disappearance of the thing.
Dating is the action the auditor takes to help the pc spot the exact time something happened.
Locating is the action the auditor takes to help the pc spot the exact place something happened.
By dating and locating, getting the exact time and place a specific thing happened, the pc is able to blow the mass and energy connected with the occurrence which has hung him up at that point. [...]
Hubbard, L. (1978, 15 November). Dating and Locating. Technical Bulletins (1976 ed., Vol XII, pp. 228-36). Los Angeles: Church of Scientology of California.
The Date/Locate indoctrination teaches auditors and preclears to link such mental energy shifts with wins. I believe that false memory syndrome is a significant danger in any Dianetics or Scientology auditing because, for one thing, these so-called wins are achieved when preclears are regressed and under the complete control of an auditor who is trying to be a "living embodiment of LRH technology."
The first entry under "win" in the Tech Dictionary definition above, however, is the way the word is most commonly used among Scientologists: "intending to do something and doing it or intending not to do something and not doing it." This an amoral meaning, and it is used by Scientologists amorally. So they can have a win caving someone in, have a win maxing out a customer's credit cards, or have a win "shooting down SPs." Scientologists win by executing the "Command Intention" of their cult leaders.
This is a classic example of how "win" is used from L. Ron Hubbard:
The DEFENSE of anything is UNTENABLE. The only way to defend anything is to ATTACK, and if you ever forget that, then you will lose every battle you are ever engaged in, whether it is in terms of personal conversation, public debate, or a court of law. NEVER BE INTERESTED IN CHARGES. DO, yourself, much MORE CHARGING, and you will WIN. And the public, seeing that you won, will then have a communication line to the effect that Scientologists WIN. Don't ever let them have any other thought than that Scientology takes all of its objectives.
Hubbard, L. R. (1955, ca. mid-March). The Scientologist A Manual on the Dissemination of Material. Technical Bulletins (1976 ed., Vol. II, pp. 151-171). Los Angeles: Church of Scientology of California.
See also how Scientology features the "Winning" meme here: OSA Newsletter "Winning" circa 1997/98 *now with jpeg images
. (Thanks, Gubka.
And perhaps relate the mass of material on Scientologists and "winning" to the observations of Psychologist Martha Stout about sociopaths and "winning."
Martha Stout wrote:
The methods sociopaths dream up to control others—the schemes contrived to ensure "wins"—are quite various, and only a few of them have to do with physical violence. After all, violence is conspicuous, and unless performed against the utterly powerless, such as children or animals, it is likely to get the perpetrator caught.
In any case, though they are horrifying when they occur, brutal murders are not the likeliest result of consciencelessness. Rather, the game is the thing. The prize to be won can run the gamut from world domination to a free lunch, but it is always the same game-controlling, making others jump, "winning." Evidently, winning in this fashion is all that remains of interpersonal meaning when attachment and conscience are absent. When the value of relationships has been reduced to nearly nothing, dominance is sometimes asserted by murdering people. But more often, it is accomplished by killing frogs, or racking up sexual conquests, or seducing and using friends, or exploiting the copper in Chile, or stealing some postage stamps just to see people scramble.
Stout, M. (2005). The sociopath next door : the ruthless versus the rest of us. New York: Broadway Books.
More related references: Life is a Game
Scientology site: How to win an argument
Scientology site: Study Technology: Successes from application