Aldous Huxley might have also influenced Hubbard to take drugs and alcohol while trying to dream up the next space-opera mythology for OT III. The late-1960's quest-for-spiritual-truth-through-drugs was given considerable prestige by the rediscovery of Aldous Huxley's Doors of Perception
first printed in 1954. Harvard Professor and drug enthusiast Timothy Leary met Huxley
in the 1960's, when Huxley was far more famous, especially for writing the brilliant "Brave New World." While Leary's fame peaked in 1963 when expelled form Harvard, Huxley's 1960's peak of fame came when Jim Morrison named his rock group The Doors
after Huxley's Doors of Perception
in 1965. I remember Morrison saying that's where the name came from, even though at the time I was a teenager, didn't do drugs, and thought The Doors of Perception
must be about spirituality.
Those of you born after the mid-1970's have trouble imagining the wide-eyed embrace of LSD, mescaline, and peyote to "expand your mind."(none of which I ever tried).
Carlos Castaneda was an interesting parallel to Hubbard. He could not have influenced the late-1967 OT III, since Castaneda's first book The Teachings of Don Juan
came out in 1968. Yet both Castaneda and Hubbard
(1) used drugs for inspiration, copying those who promised new insights through drug use
(2) promised shamanistic powers that no readers ever attained.
(3) pretended their writings were real - remember how angry Castaneda fans were to find out Don Juan was fictional
(4) developed a cult-like following - people went looking
for Don Juan in the desert!
(5) in the end, contributed little to human understanding.