Gambling and dopamine: Miscavige was observed gambling. hmmm...
Lots of links between the two: http://www.gamblingmagazine.com/articles/15/15-412.htm
QUOTE: Gambling changes hormone levels in the body Gambling can be as addictive as smoking, drinking and drug taking, say researchers.
A team from the University of Bremen studied the physical changes that took place in men playing the card game blackjack.
Their findings run contrary to the belief of many addiction researchers who refuse to accept that behaviour can be physiologically addictive.
New Scientist magazine reports that the German researchers recruited ten gamblers from a casino and asked them to play blackjack, staking their own money.
While the gamblers played, the researchers measured changes in their heart rates and levels of the stress hormone cortisol in their saliva.
He then asked them to play for points rather than money, as a "control" situation.
Both heart rates and cortisol concentrations were markedly higher when the gamblers played for money.
Lead researcher Dr Gerhard Meyer conceded that the study did not provide definitive proof that gambling is addictive.
This is because there is no proof that raised cortisol levels necessarily has an impact on key chemicals in the brain such as dopamine.
However, he pointed out that the gamblers themselves report feeling surges of euphoria when they place bets.
Echoes of drug addiction
This echoes the euphoria experienced by drug takers, which results from a surge of the neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin in the brain. END QUOTE
Another link: http://www.addictions.net/treating.htm
Not everyone who gambles develops a gambling problem, and not all problem gamblers become clinically diagnosable as pathological gamblers...
The neurobiological malfunction most often cited in the literature is this dysfunction of the reward system, whereby the levels of released dopamine decrease to a point where further addictive behaviors, in this case gambling, appear to remedy temporarily, or self medicate, the deficiency. END QUOTE
So Miscavige - there's hope! Find a safer, cheaper way to raise your dopamine levels! Ask your doctor about Wellbutrin or Zyban! If you smoke, it can help you quit, too. Save that money - you'll need it for all the lawsuits!