I thought I should post several excerpts from Carla Emery's
Secret, Don't Tell"- a textbook on surreptitious hypnosis. I was hoping that Scientologists and ex's could compare the techniques discussed in this book to what they have experienced.
Carla Emery-SECRET, DON'T TELL, the Encyclopedia of Hypnotism wrote:
Type 2 Induction:
Excitation Overwhelms the Analyzer
The necessary condition...is...some kind of consciousness which an emerging idea meets with no resistance from other—in which, so to speak, the field is clear for the comer. We know that a state of this kind can be brought about not only by hypnotism but also by emotional shock (fright, anger, etc.) and by exhausting factors (sleeplessness, hunger, and so on).
Breuer and Freud, Studies on Hysteria, pp. 258-9
Brainwashing researchers have analyzed the types of emotional shocks and their power to devastate. Shocks are most likely to make a person suggestible—and to break him— when they are:
# linked to pressure
Overstimulation of the cortex results in an involuntary cortical response of protective inhibition. It is a curious paradox of the human suggestibility spectrum that we are most susceptible to suggestion when external stimulation is minimal, or when it is maximal. Sensory deprivation can cause trance. Its opposite, sensory overload, also can cause trance. Sensory overload results in overexcitation. Excitation is the opposite of inhibition. Excitation is a condition in which the rate of neuron firing speeds up. Too much input (stress) causes too much excitation which, in turn, may cause a natural, protective shutdown effect. Shutdown equals inhibition. Inhibition, when it is caused by a protective shutdown, is Pavlov’s Type 2 induction.
Beecher proved that the more stressed a person is, the more effective a pretend pill, placebo, will be at curing whatever he imagines ails him. The more upset, excited, disturbed, or stressed you are, the more suggestible you become. Any degree of cortex shutdown results in an equivalent amount of inhibition (lowered consciousness, trance).
The stressful, overwhelming input can arrive via any sense: seeing, hearing, touching.... In 1960, CIA researcher Ewen Cameron jotted down plans to report his research on Type 2 input-overload inductions: “Also in paper, make reference to input-overload in terms of 1) sound 2) light 3) pain 4) verbal stimulation.” (Weinstein, 1988, p. 220).
Loud, rhythmic noise, such as prolonged, loud, drum beating—or sitting close to an unshielded dot matrix printer at work—can be inductive. When my dot-matrix printer goes into action, if I stay seated nearby, I will fall into a deep sleep within a few minutes.
Das demonstrated that response to loud, repetitive noise can predict hypnotizability. His better subjects could not keep their eyes open when exposed to that type of noise.
Loud noise is Type 1 in that it shuts out other sensory input. It is Type 2 in that it overwhelms, simultaneously denying varied auditory intake and overstimulating the nerve cells. That triggers the protective mechanism of inhibition. The cells turn themselves off. The subject goes into trance, and then on down to delta sleep.
Another thing that overwhelms the analyzer is inability to make sense of incoming data: confusion. A confusion induction is a Type 1 (sensory deprivation) because it deprives the brain of meaning. It is also Type 2 (overloading) if you try to make sense of it, and cannot, but keep trying until you become overwhelmed by the confusion. So, if something does not make sense, avoid the assumption that the fault is a lack of intellect on your part. Your feeling that it does not make sense may be absolutely correct! The confusing statement may be for the purpose of induction rather than communication.
This morning I saw an advertisement on TV: a jumble of highly emotional, vivid, incoherent images. At the very last moment, in small letters in the center of the otherwise blank screen (an eerily clear and calm impression after the preceding intense, chaotic images) one word appeared, a brand name. The brain, if set suddenly adrift in a sea of nonsense, will clutch hard to the first sensible thing that comes along after the chaos. That brand name was the first image that was allowed to make sense.
I saw another Type 2 confusion TV advertisement on Super Bowl Sunday. It began with chaotic, meaningless Type 2 Induction: Excitation Overwhelms the Analyzer 331 images jumbled one upon another. Suddenly, out of the confusion, a bag of corn chips moved slowly, centrally out from a distant view on the screen “toward” me, its brand name clearly visible.
M . H . Erickson often did confusion inductions. “In all my techniques, almost all, there is a confusion.” (Erickson, et al., 1976, p. 85) Sometimes, he caused confusion by using induction patter that was full of contradictions, plays on words, or a profusion of negatives. Sometimes, he did totally illogical and incomprehensible acts in an ordinarily predictable and regular setting.
For example, one day, the doctor took the hand of a woman he was meeting for the first time, as if to “shake” it. He ordered her to count backwards from 20 to 1. While she counted, he played games with her hand, putting light (seemingly random) pressures on various parts of it with his fingers. All this time, he stared at the wall behind her head, instead of looking at her face, as if he were looking right through her. He released her hand so slowly and gradually that, when he finally did let go of it, she was unsure of just when he actually had stopped touching it. Her hand, after his release, stayed outstretched, in a cataleptic condition.
Every element of Erickson’s induction process had been done with the intention to confuse her, to dislodge her reality orientation, and to overwhelm her conscious mind. Seeing that catatonic hand, Erickson asked her, “Do you think you are awake?” That question further attacked her conscious orientation.
Other techniques that inhibit consciousness by creating confusion are:
# Rapid-fire statements.
# New demands given before any previous one can possibly be completed.
# Jumping from idea to idea in an illogical manner.
# Giving obviously mistaken instructions.
# Changing instructions, then refusing to admit that they were changed.
We laid hands upon her, ministered inner healing to her, and she wept and cried before the Lord. She was totally set free from the grief of her father’s death.
- Herald of Hope, Summer 1995, p. 2
Television advertising may begin with a shock, confusion, sensory deprivation, or relaxation induction. Advertising inserted into sports, drama, or news programming is most effective because viewers already are feeling excitement because of the preceding programming. Emotion is inductive. It creates suggestibility. “Intense emotion opens up the corridor to the subconscious because the conscious mind is inhibited by emotion,” Charles Tebbetts told his hypnotherapy class.
Panic will do it. “...terror and pain produce a state analogous to hypnosis.” (Gindes, p. 49) Rage will also do it. Brainwashers strive for it. Some religious inductions intensify emotion. Plain old life is the most common source of shock and suffering inductions. Crying causes hyperventilation which is inductive. (Tears also remove stress chemicals from your system.) Emotion lowers consciousness. Frank Laubach, a Christian mystic, described how pain had made him feel nearer to God:
This week a new, and to me marvelous experience, has come out of my loneliness. I have been so desperately lonesome that it was unbearable save by talking with God...something broke within me...How infinitely richer this direct first hand grasping of God Himself is, than the old method which I used and recommended for years, the reading of endless devotional books...how was this new closeness achieved? Ah, I know now that it was by cutting the very heart of my heart and by suffering. Somebody was telling me this week that nobody can make a violin speak the last depths of human longing until that soul has been made tender by some great anguish. I do not say it is the only way to the heart of God, but I must witness that it has opened an inner shrine for me which I never entered before. (Laubach, Practicing His Presence, pp. 9-10)
When a person is deeply touched emotionally, he is in a state of abreaction. “Suggestibility can be enhanced, temporarily at least, by repeated abreaction.” (Sargant, Battle for the Mind, p. 76) People who share deep emotional experiences, again and again, bond. A client also may become more and more suggestible to whomever is coaching these experiences. Emotion can thus be a tool to heal deep wounds.
A church newsletter spoke of the healing of a lesbian:
She began weeping before the Lord, which released the Lord’s healing power into many of her traumatic childhood experiences. She was going between weeping and laughing for a long period of time as the inner healing continued...She came back for several times of ministry...a number of pains of the past being released...They never came back. Praise the Lord! ( Herald of Hope, Summer 1995, p. 2)
Expression of positive emotion can also heal:
I prayed for the Lord to give him deep holy laughter for the hurts, and after about thirty minutes of laughter (sometimes mixed with crying), the bitterness, the unforgiveness, and the physical pain in his body were gone. (Ibid.)
For a rape victim:
As we ministered to her, she laughed and cried deeply about this great trauma in her life. The laughter and crying released the bitterness, the unforgiveness, the fears, and shame within. Dorothy was at long last free from the pain and shame of that terrible experience. (Ibid.)
Cheryl was an extremely susceptible hypnotic subject. Her husband, when angry, would yell so loudly at her that she became rigid with shock (cataleptic). Then he would give her instructions. He had intuitively learned to use a fear induction on Cheryl, then tell her what he wanted her to do. Estabrooks wrote that “...emotional shock...gives us the phenomena of hypnotism and vice versa.” ( Hypnotism, p. 110)
It has been known for many years by researchers in the field of hypnosis that terror, especially when created by physical torture, is brutally effective in enhancing the power and control of the hypnotic trance. The subject’s suggestibility increases, and he becomes more compliant... (Bain, The Mind-control of Candy Jones, p. 201)
Any excitement or trauma (sudden fright, fear, terror, threats) makes you more suggestible. Fear (or any intense emotion) causes cortex overstimulation which results in Pavlovian inhibition. Inhibition equals induction. So, fear is inductive. The greater the fear, the deeper the potential trance. “Our own attitude as physicians causes us to avoid in principle hypnosis by intimidation, by shouting at the patient, frightening him...” (Schilder and Kauders, p. 84) Not all operators, however, have those moral principles:
If a subject is to be hypnotized and is quite frightened, the operator can take advantage of the fear for easy induction. The frightened person is already in hypnosis or on the verge of it. (LeCron, Techniques of Hypnotherapy)
What Stephen King really does to readers and film viewers is provide the rush of trance induction by using fear. Excitement often peaks right before the commercial break in television programming. The product sells better that way because the viewers are in a suggestible state.
Fear, or lust, or any other path to lowered consciousness, can be addictive. Look at the grim faces in a gambling parlor. They hope. They lose. They suffer. But they take pride in their boldness, in the size of their suffering, the amount of their loss. Sometimes, they even win. Winning is a powerful emotional rush, a positive reinforcement that brings them back to those seductive machines and gaming tables to lose again, and again, because winning programs the brain more powerfully than losing. Human beings are designed to try, try again—if given a little encouragement. As a result, more and more gambling casinos are built, more and more lotteries established.
Last, but certainly not least, in the Type 2 category, is induction by sexual excitation and orgasm. Sargant’s book, The Mind Possessed, devotes a chapter to the topic of sex inductions:
During the sexual act, especially if it ends in mutual orgasm, both partners achieve an intense... state of temporary brain excitement, which leads on to a state of sudden temporary nervous collapse and transient brain inhibition ....creating greatly increased suggestibility... (Sargant, p. 87)
A married couple, during their honeymoon, quarreled fiercely. While his new wife was in a state of absolute rage, her husband shouted, “I’m sorry I married you!” Eighteen years later, she was still married to him, but she still felt deeply insecure because of his long-ago statement. A marriage counselor, whom the husband had asked for help, told him to say “I’m glad I married you” during her next orgasm (a comparable time of great emotion). The treatment worked.
Because erotic excitation and orgasm greatly increase suggestibility, ideally, the sex act results in imprinting a mutual sense of responsibility for, and bonding to, the partner—as well as freeing him from accumulated tensions. Like any other induction system, however, this one is easily distorted and abused.
About the Tension Induction and Hyperalert Trances
There is some public recognition that “sleep, sleep, sleep” suggestions can result in trance. There is no public recognition that “Alert! Worry! Earthquake! Hurricane! Fire! Fear! Evil! Satanic! Rape! Murder! Starvation!” suggestions can also result in lowered consciousness and heightened suggestibility. Though seldom mentioned in the research journals,1 tension induction and the hyperalert trance are, in practice, often used. A basic propaganda rule is that the more upset people are, the more gullible they become. Any emotional state lowers consciousness and causes temporary cortex inhibition—a condition of greater suggestibility.