L. Ron Hubbard Did Not Invent the E-Meter or Auditing

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J. Swift
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L. Ron Hubbard Did Not Invent the E-Meter or Auditing

Post by J. Swift » Sat Nov 06, 2010 5:02 pm

The American chiropractor and psychoanalyst Volney Mathison invented the e-meter and auditing in the form used by the Church of Scientology since the 1950's. In this thread, we will explore how L. Ron Hubbard took Mathison's e-meter and techniques and fused them into Dianetics and Scientology. Additionally, we want to take a fresh and updated look at the precursors of Dianetics and Scientology, i.e. the work of other writers and esotericists Hubbard used to create his own body of work. Here is the world's first Mathison E-Meter circa 1945:

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Re: L. Ron Hubbard Did Not Invent the E-Meter or Auditing

Post by J. Swift » Sat Nov 06, 2010 5:05 pm

This is the dial on Mathison's E-Meter:

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Re: L. Ron Hubbard Did Not Invent the E-Meter or Auditing

Post by J. Swift » Sat Nov 06, 2010 5:31 pm

1. Lermanet.com has a complete index on Volney Mathison and his invention of the e-meter and auditing: http://www.lermanet.com/exit/volney/

2. An article on Volney Mathison, the E-Meter, and Auditing can be enlarged and read: http://www.lermanet.com/exit/volney/For ... 1AF6CF.jpg

3. In a two page letter dated March 13, 1952, Hubbard College of Wichita, Kansas states that it has obtained sole global rights to use the Volney E-Meter, except for the cities of New York and Los Angeles

3A. Page One: http://www.lermanet.com/exit/volney/Mar ... ter-p1.jpg
3B. Page Two: http://www.lermanet.com/exit/volney/Mar ... ter-p2.jpg
3C: Text:

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The Tone Arm of the Mathison E-Meter

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Re: L. Ron Hubbard Did Not Invent the E-Meter or Auditing

Post by J. Swift » Sat Nov 06, 2010 5:40 pm

American Psychiatrists were the first professionals to use Volney Mathison's E-Meter to look for areas of hidden charge. Mathison originally marketed his E-Meter to Psychiatrists, Freudian Psychoanalysts, and Psychologists:

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Image courtesy of Lermanet.com: http://www.lermanet.com/exit/volney/Mathison-ad.jpg

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Re: L. Ron Hubbard Did Not Invent the E-Meter or Auditing

Post by J. Swift » Sat Nov 06, 2010 5:44 pm

L. Ron Hubbard began to use the E-Meter to assist in his early Dianetics and Scientology sessions. Accordingly, Mathison made his meters available to early Dianeticists and Scientologists. Hubbard found "metered auditing" to be so profitable that he sought exclusive rights globally to the Mathison E-Meter. Apparently Volney Mathison agreed to exclusivity except for New York and Los Angeles where Mathison's E-Meter sales to Psychiatrists was very strong. This ad shows the Mathison E-Meter being sold by the Dianetics Society:

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Image courtesy of Lermanet.com: http://www.lermanet.com/exit/volney/Mathison-ad.jpg

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Last edited by J. Swift on Mon Nov 08, 2010 7:42 pm, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: L. Ron Hubbard Did Not Invent the E-Meter or Auditing

Post by J. Swift » Sat Nov 06, 2010 7:44 pm

The reason this topic is so important is that L. Ron Hubbard and CoS did everything they could to monopolize the Mathison E-Meter and system of psychoanalysis/auditing. The E-Meter was originally created by Volney as a psychoanalytical tool he used as a psychoanalyst and sold to Psychiatrists for use in psychoanalysis. Hubbard and CoS obtained rights to Volney's E-Meter and then began to demonize Psychiatry -- this although Scientology is based upon Psychiatry and the E-Meter developed for use in psychiatric psychoanalysis. Scientology is simply re-branded Psychiatry, a monopolistic form of psychoanalysis cloaked in religious disguise and protected by trademarks.

What does a Scientologist do once they realize the true history of the E-Meter and auditing? What does a Scientologist do once they realize that have been engaged in a form of psychiatric psychoanalysis?

What does KSW mean once a Scientologist discovers that L. Ron Hubbard used KSW to protect a form of psychiatric psychoanalysis?

It is time to call Scientology what it is and unmock it: Scientology is a form of Psychiatric Psychoanalysis.

LRH demonized Psychiatry and strictly forbid Scientologists from going anywhere near it so that they would not discover that Scientology is a form of Psychiatry. Read the data for yourself: The E-Meter was developed for psychiatrists to use in psychoanalysis.

*****
The psychiatrist and founder of archetypal psychology Carl Jung experimented with an E-Meter and listing in 1907. A Freezone site describes the history of the E-Meter:
Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961), Swiss doctor and psychologist. A close associate of Sigmund Freud for a number of years, then went his own ways. C.G. Jung first reported on his findings of using a GSR Meter in 1907 in an article in "Journal of Abnormal Psychology". A summary in German is quoted below. It is from a German Bio feed-back website at: http://WWW.Skinktalk.de

The first scientist known to have used a Meter in psychological research was Tarchinoff, who in 1888 discovered the phenomenon of skin resistance. He found that a person's resistance to the passage of a tiny electric current through hand held electrodes would vary according to the subject's emotional state. The simple psycho-galvanometer he invented to investigate this phenomenon was one of the earliest tools of psychological research.
[Reference: http://www.Sobra.net]

History of the GSR Meter, E-Meter, Ohm-Meter, Polygraph, Galvano-Meter, Electropsycho-Meter, Pneu-Meter, etc. in psychological research.

From Sobra Net:

The Ohm-meter:
A wheatstone bridge measures changes in resistance. Ohm’s law is E=IR tells us voltage is related to amperage and resistance. The nervous system operates with electrical impulses that are affected by one’s physical, mental and spiritual condition. Today, meters used in research measure the changes in resistance that affect the body. An un-influenced female body registers at 5000 ohms; an un-influenced male body at 12,500 ohms.

In 1888, Tarchinoff discovered the phenomenon of skin resistance. He found that a person's resistance to the passage of a tiny electric current through hand held electrodes would vary according to the subject's emotional state. The simple psycho-galvanometer he invented to investigate this phenomenon was one of the earliest tools of psychological research.

An axiom originated by Freud is that we are restricted from realizing more than a fraction of our full potential because of the repressed negative content of the unconscious mind: negative fears, resentments, motivations and dislikes. When the content is made conscious and confronted, it dissolves and loses its power to restrain thought and action. The meter is an effective diagnostic tool and time-saver in helping to locate this negative content. An adept doesn’t have to spend years of blind probing to find out the root of a problem. With professional training he can find and identify any negative energy caused by sources of resistance affecting a person, then help him discharge it.

In, Studies in Word Analysis, published by Carl Gustav Jung in 1906, he describes a technique for connecting the subject, via hand electrodes, to an instrument measuring changes in the resistance --while words are read to him from a prepared list. If a word on this list was emotionally charged, there was a change in body resistance that caused a deflection of the needle on the galvanometer.

This method of research was again referred to in a 1926 text entitled Experimental Psychology by Mary Collins and James Dreaver, lecturers in psychology at the University of Edinburgh. At that time, others were also researching the electrical characteristics of emotion and thought. Semon in his book The Mneme, circa 1915, defines an ‘engram’ as the permanent change produced within an organism from a stimulus, where a trace of the experience of that stimulus is "written on" the organism and forms part of memory. When the stimulus is repeated, the nerve energy flows through this new engram causing an aberrant reaction. Knowledge of these findings was widespread in the 1920's and are referred to in a classroom text called The Psychology of the Thinker by l.B. Saxby, Lecturer in Education at the University College, Cardiff.

The early psycho-galvanometer was not simple to use. It had no amplification and it remained as a specialized laboratory instrument until the development of more sophisticated amplifiers in the 1930's.

A number of biofeedback instruments have been invented, including the Electroencephalograph. The EEG is used by a wide range of therapists. Janov used the EEG to evaluate the effectiveness of cathartic therapy. Osteopaths have used a modified form of skin resistance meter for diagnostic purposes.

In the late 1940's an independent American researcher, Volney Mathison, working with the Polygraph Lie-detector kindled a renewed interest in the earlier work of Jung and others. When a person was reminded of certain past events, the needle in the detector would jump erratically --the degree of jump was in proportion to the strength of the unconscious reaction. In skilled hands a meter could be used to locate a particular content, its location in space and time, and the amount of force contained within..

This work led to the development of the modern meter designed to register general mental and emotional responses of a person to a word, question or situation, rather than as a lie-detector. These meters are several times more sensitive than lie-detectors.

In 1952, Volney Mathison presented these ideas to Ron Hubbard. He and his auditors were using Dianetics to ‘Clear’ people --based upon the mind as a computer type model where the engrams could be erased. Later, Hubbard’s version of the meter known as the E-Meter (Electro-psychometer) was put into widespread use in conjunction with his auditing procedures --a few of which resembled Jung's method of reading a list of words while the individual under analysis held the electrodes. Some words would trigger a response -- once the locked-up energy was discharged from the situation or concept under discussion, the meter would no longer respond to that word or concept.

note:
The negative energy or charge isn’t always composed of exactly the same type of mass as there are quality variations in sources of resistance. Facsimiles of matter, energy, space and time created by different beings can be based on different theories of relativity for different universes or dimensions. The common denominators can be broken down into: facsimiles, (+s) pushes, (-s) pulls, (+/-s) ridges which are a mix, or neutrals that aren’t involved except in a spectator mode, connections, and intentions.
ref: http://www.freezoneearth.org/allmeters/ ... ymeter.htm

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Re: L. Ron Hubbard Did Not Invent the E-Meter or Auditing

Post by J. Swift » Sat Nov 06, 2010 8:03 pm

1952: As per L. Ron Hubbard, Dianetics + the Mathison E-Meter = Dianetics and Scientology Auditing!

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ref: http://www.lermanet.com/exit/volney/Mat ... ometer.jpg

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Re: L. Ron Hubbard Did Not Invent the E-Meter or Auditing

Post by caroline » Sat Nov 06, 2010 8:35 pm

Carl Jung's Experimental Researches is a must for this line of research. Includes an account of studies in word association, a summary of galvanometer research to date, as well as Jung's own galvanometer experiments.

Jung, C. G. (1973). Experimental researches. [Princeton, N.J.]: Princeton University Press.
INTELLIGENCE SPECIALIST TRAINING ROUTINE – TR L
Purpose: To train the student to give a false statement with good TR-1. To train the student to outflow false data effectively.
Commands: Part l “Tell me a lie”.

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Re: L. Ron Hubbard Did Not Invent the E-Meter or Auditing

Post by mussel » Sat Nov 06, 2010 8:53 pm

This could make quite a news story. Tom Cruise would be forced to eat his own words...
'Through judicious use of the E-Meter Scientology auditors were able to remove countless Thetans ("dollars") from followers.'
- Jon Stewart

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Re: L. Ron Hubbard Did Not Invent the E-Meter or Auditing

Post by J. Swift » Sat Nov 06, 2010 9:19 pm

In a 1953 article co-authored by Hubbard and Mathison, the admission is made that Book One auditors (Dianetics: Modern Science of Mental Health) would have made much better progress in 1950 if they had used E-Meters. It is apparent that following the public failures of Dianetics, Hubbard suddenly seized onto Volney and his E-Meter as a way to refloat and re-monetize Dianetics -- particularly after the failure and bankruptcy of the Dianetics Foundation of Elizabeth New Jersey in 1951. Hubbard used the absence of the E-Meter as the "Why" in explaining the initial failures of Dianetics.

The failure of Dianetics was not the fault of L. Ron Hubbard -- it was rather the lack of the E-Meter! Volney Mathison's E-Meter was therefore the first Scientology recovery of Lost Tech! Volney Mathison and his E-Meter pulled L. Ron Hubbard back from the brink of ruin.This theme of explaining Scientology's failures by finding the "why's" and offering new breakthroughs of magnitudes and/or recovering Lost Tech continues in CoS to this present day.

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Re: L. Ron Hubbard Did Not Invent the E-Meter or Auditing

Post by J. Swift » Sat Nov 06, 2010 9:53 pm

Although Scientology harshly criticizes Psychiatry, Dianetics was charged with practicing Psychiatry without a license in 1951 by the State of New Jersey. Hubbard's work looked exactly like Psychiatry to the New Jersey State Board of Medical Examiners and so a complaint was filed:
Elizabeth Daily Journal

New Jersey Starts Action Against Dianetics
January 15, 1951

The Hubbard Dianetic Research Foundation, Inc., was accused of operating a school for treatment of disease without a license in a complaint by the State Board of Medical Examiners docketed today in Part I of District Court. The complaint was served on C. Parker Morgan, 275 Morris avenue, registered agent.

The Board, acting through attorney general Theodore D. Parsons, specifically charged that the foundation violated R.S. 18:20-18. The foundation is required to file an answer by Thursday. Otherwise the state may move for a judgment. The act provides for a penalty of $500.

The foundation propounds a theory its supporters claim to be a simple, scientific cure to mental illness. In a 400-page book outlining the theory, L. Ron Hubbard, an Elizabeth resident, claims unqualifiedly that the "hidden sources of all psychosomatic ills and human aberration have been discovered and skills have been developed for their invariable cure."

Opposition to the movement has been strong among certain psychiatric and psychological groups, who claim it does harm to the mentally ill by its oversimplification and its promises.

The act cited in the District Court case differs somewhat from the section under which most prosecutions for practicing medicine unlawfully are instituted. It says:
"No school or college shall be conducted within the State for the purpose of training or qualifying students to practice medicine or surgery or any branch thereof or any method for the treatment of disease or any abnormal physical condition without first securing form the State Board of Medical Examiners a license authorizing it to do so."

Judge Milton A. Feller directed that, conforming to practice giving the State preference in complaints in this category, an early date be assigned for hearings.
ref: http://www.lermanet.com/scientologynews ... 011551.htm

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Re: L. Ron Hubbard Did Not Invent the E-Meter or Auditing

Post by J. Swift » Sat Nov 06, 2010 9:55 pm

"Deputy Attorney General Henry F. Schenk, representing the State in the matter, said the charge alleges that the Hubbard Foundation teaches psychiatry and that it was sufficiently outlined. He promised a fuller statement, however."

Elizabeth Daily Journal

Dianetics Charges To Be Amplified
March 28, 1951

The State Board of Medical Examiners, which has filed a District Court suit against the Hubbard Dianetics Research Foundation, 275 Morris Avenue, yesterday promised to give the foundation more specific details in its charge that the Elizabeth organization is conducting a medical school contrary to the law. The trial date is set for May 15.

The case came before District Court Judge Milton A. Feller on a motion by George Meier, of Bloomfield, attorney for the Hubbard Foundation. Under court rules, the defendant has the right to serve questions on the plaintiff asking for a more complete explanation of the charge. Mr. Meier said that the state's answers to his inquiries were not specific enough as to the charge. He contended that definite charges must be conveyed for a conviction.

Deputy Attorney General Henry F. Schenk, representing the State in the matter, said the charge alleges that the Hubbard Foundation teaches psychiatry and that it was sufficiently outlined. He promised a fuller statement, however.

Mr. Meier indicated the defense would be based on the fact that the foundation cannot fall under the definition of a medical school as it uses no medication, drugs nor physical manipulation. This, he claims, places it in the same position as such an organization as Christian Science, which is permitted by law to practice its doctrine. He also denied the group teaches psychiatry.

The Bloomfield lawyer added that such organizations as Rutgers University and Merck and Company have been conducting research in their laboratories for many years without a license or any charter from the State Board of Medical Examiners. Dianetic research, he maintained, is no different than that conducted by the other two groups.
ref: http://www.lermanet2.com/scientologynew ... 032851.htm

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Gumbythetruth

Re: L. Ron Hubbard Did Not Invent the E-Meter or Auditing

Post by Gumbythetruth » Sat Nov 06, 2010 10:01 pm

Better hurry Swifty. That e-meter you have pictured is on Ebay

http://cgi.ebay.com/HISTORIC-HUBBARD-MA ... 244wt_1141

For a cool $5000.00. Who is attempting to sell this boat anchor? It sure has increased in price from its original selling price of $98.50 back in the 1950,s.

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Re: L. Ron Hubbard Did Not Invent the E-Meter or Auditing

Post by J. Swift » Sat Nov 06, 2010 11:10 pm

Gumbythetruth wrote:Better hurry Swifty. That e-meter you have pictured is on Ebay

http://cgi.ebay.com/HISTORIC-HUBBARD-MA ... 244wt_1141

For a cool $5000.00. Who is attempting to sell this boat anchor? It sure has increased in price from its original selling price of $98.50 back in the 1950,s.
Gumby, I want that super cool, uber-chic Volney E-Meter on ebay!

BTW, in another thread to be started soon, I will present a unified field theory of Dn and Scn that weaves back in elements of my old Paris Travel Journal, V. Mathison, D. Purcell, J. Parsons, and many other assorted elements.

It is time to initiate liftoff sequence on the Top Secret OG Saturn V Project and show M. Rathbun and the rest of Indies what sort of data the OG has been keeping in reserve! They are not the only ones with data held in reserve. Special Order 1787 is now issued.

Switch Delta-T circuits to auto-sequencing Admiral Gumby! We are ready to rock OCMB once again!

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Re: L. Ron Hubbard Did Not Invent the E-Meter or Auditing

Post by TomatoTester » Sun Nov 07, 2010 1:59 am

I've enjoyed reading Swift's posts for a good few years and this one, although offering nothing we didn't already know, was totally on-par.

The post, however good it is, will quickly move on down the list of things people will look at.
You know what I'm saying here, you all know how forums work.

A new sub-section labelled, for example, "Proving the Lies", or "Lies: The Proof", (You get the gist), would be an ideal area for this post from Swift to be posted and stickied.
(People can not post directly to that area, a mod must move a post there if it is worthy)

Anyhow, just an observation.
Don't beat the new kid up :shock:

[EDIT] Love it or hate it, (or shun it because you don't understand it), Twitter is a wonderful tool for spreading info.
Alas, most people just don't get what Twitter is and bypass it.
I shall link to this post within Twitter, and guarantee people will come read it.
(If you spot the link and tell me the Twitter account I posted from I will award you with 3 Bacon Sandwiches)
[/EDIT]

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