L. Ron Hubbard and John W. Campbell, Jr.
Image retrieved 3 October 2011 from http://www.thewaythefutureblogs.com/wp- ... bardwb.jpg
I think that the Hubbard-Campbell relationship has not been given the attention it deserves, consequently this new thread.
According to science fiction writer Frederick Pohl, John W. Campbell Jr. was in "the presiding triumvirate who ran Dianetics/Scientology," the other two men being Dr. Joseph Winter and L. Ron Hubbard. (Ref. http://www.thewaythefutureblogs.com/200 ... rs-part-2/). (Also see Pohl's Me and Alfie, Part 6: John W. Campbell and Dianetics)
Campbell and Winter were listed among the trustees of the Hubbard Dianetic Research Foundation. (Ref. FBI Files.)
Wikipedia: John W. Campbell
BiographyBase: John W. Campbell
Enotes: John W. Campbell
In [url=http://www.xenu.net/archive/books/bfm/bfm05.htm]Bare-faced Messiah, Russell Miller[/url] wrote:Campbell first met L. Ron Hubbard at about the time he took over as editor. Ron provided a typically bombastic account of the circumstances: 'I got into science fiction and fantasy because F. Orlin Tremaine, at the orders of the managing director of Street and Smith, brought me over and ordered John W. Campbell Jr . . . to buy whatever I wrote, to freshen up the mag, up its circulation, and to put in real people and real plots instead of ant men. John, although we became dear friends later, didn't like this a bit.'
3. Ron The Writer, Author Services Inc., 1982
Miller, R. (1987) Bare-faced Messiah: The True Story of L. Ron Hubbard. Toronto: Key Porter Books.
 Arthur J. Burks. An American writer and Marine colonel: Enote bioHubbard wrote:It will probably be best to return to the day in 1938 when I first entered this field, the day I met John W. Campbell, Jr., a day in the very dawn of what has come to be known as the golden age of science fiction. I was quite ignorant of the field and regarded it, in fact, a bit diffidently. I was not there of my own choice. I had been summoned to the vast old building on Seventh Avenue in dusty, dirty, old New York by the very top brass of Street & Smith publishing company – – an executive named Black and another, F. Orlin Tremaine. Ordered there with me was another writer, Arthur J. Burks. In those days when the top brass of a publishing company – – particularly one as old and prestigious as Street & Smith – – “invited” a writer to visit, it was like being commanded to appear before the king or receiving a court summons. You arrived, you sat there obediently, and you spoke when you were spoken to.
We were both, Arthur J. Burks and I, top-line professionals in other writing fields. By the actual tabulation of A. B. Dick, which set advertising rates for publishing firms, either of our names appearing on a magazine cover would send the circulation rate skyrocketing, something like modern TV ratings. http://writer.lronhubbard.org/page92.htm
The top brass came quickly to the point. They had recently started or acquired a magazine called Astounding Science Fiction. Other magazines were published by other houses, but Street & Smith was unhappy because its magazine was mainly publishing stories about machines and machinery. As publishers, its executives knew you had to have people in stories. They had called us in because, aside from our A. B. Dick rating as writers, we could write about real people. They knew we were busy and had other commitments. But would we be so kind as to write science fiction? We indicated we would.
They called in John W. Campbell, Jr., the editor of the magazine. He found himself looking at two adventure-story writers, and though adventure writers might be the aristocrats of the whole field and might have vast followings of their own, they were not science fiction writers. He resisted. In the first place, calling in top-liners would ruin his story budget due to their word rates. And in the second place, he had his own ideas of what science fiction was.
Campbell, who dominated the whole field of sf as its virtual czar until his death in 1971, was a huge man who had majored in physics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology and graduated from Duke University with a Bachelor of Science degree. His idea of getting a story was to have some professor or scientist write it and then doctor it up and publish it. Perhaps that is a bit unkind, but it really was what he was doing. To fill his pages even he, who had considerable skill as a writer, was writing stories for the magazine.
The top brass had to directly order Campbell to buy and to publish what we wrote for him. He was going to get people into his stories and get something going besides machines.
I cannot tell you how many other writers were called in. I do not know. In all justice, it may have been Campbell himself who found them later on. But do not get the impression that Campbell was anything less than a master and a genius in his own right. Any of the stable of writers he collected during this golden age will tell you that. Campbell could listen. He could improve things. He could dream up little plot twists that were masterpieces. He well deserved the title that he gained and kept as the top editor and the dominant force that made science fiction as respectable as it became. Star Wars, the all-time box office record movie to date (exceeded only by its sequel), would never have happened if science fiction had not become as respectable as Campbell made it. More than that – – Campbell played no small part in driving this society into the space age. http://writer.lronhubbard.org/page94.htm
In these modern times many of the ingredients that make up “fantasy” as a type of fiction have vanished from the stage. You hardly even find them in encyclopedias anymore. These subjects were spiritualism, mythology, magic, divination, the supernatural, and many other fields of that type. None of them had anything really to do with the real universe. This does not necessarily mean that they never had any validity or that they will not again arise; it merely means that man, currently, has sunk into a materialistic binge.
The bulk of these subjects consists of false data, but there probably never will come a time when all such phenomena are explained. The primary reason such a vast body of knowledge dropped from view is that material science has been undergoing a long series of successes. But I do notice that every time modern science thinks it is down to the nitty-gritty of it all, it runs into (and sometimes adopts) such things as the Egyptian myths that man came from mud, or something like that. But the only point I am trying to make here is that there is a whole body of phenomena that we cannot classify as “material.” They are the nonmaterial, nonuniverse subjects. And no matter how false many of the old ideas were, they still existed; who knows but what there might not be some validity in some bits of them. One would have to study these subjects to have a complete comprehension of all the knowledge and beliefs possible. I am not opening the door to someone’s saying I believe in all these things: I am only saying that there is another realm besides dedicated – – and even simple-minded – – materialism.
Hubbard, L. (n.d.) An Introduction to Science Fiction. lronhubbard.org. Retrieved on 3 October 2011 from http://writer.lronhubbard.org/page92.htm; http://writer.lronhubbard.org/page94.htm; http://writer.lronhubbard.org/page97.htm
(Also published as Introduction to Battlefield Earth.)
See also Burks' Yes, There Was a Book Called "Excalibur" by L. Ron HUBBARD
Burks said that he had known Hubbard off and on for six or seven years as of mid 1938. BFM Timeline.
lronhubbard.org wrote:IT WILL PROBABLY BE BEST TO RETURN TO THE DAY IN 1938 WHEN I FIRST ENTERED THIS FIELD, THE DAY I MET JOHN W. CAMPBELL, JR., A DAY IN THE VERY DAWN OF WHAT HAS COME TO BE KNOWN AS THE GOLDEN AGE OF SCIENCE FICTION.”
In addition to what is told of that day in Ron’s frequently quoted introduction to Battlefield Earth, let us provide the following: John W. Campbell was then twenty-eight years old, and not quite a graduate of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (He had failed to master the requisite languages, and so finally earned a Bachelor of Science degree from Duke University.) He had nonetheless proven himself a capable enough author of the genre with a spaceship driven epic, appropriately entitled The Machine series. In suggesting Campbell had originally resisted publishing L. Ron Hubbard and Arthur J. Burks, however, Ron is touching upon a highly significant point of science fiction history, i.e., Campbell was not initially that force majeure behind the genre’s golden age; it was the far less scientifically minded F. Orlin Tremaine, who had then held an editorial directorship over Street & Smith’s Astounding, and had indeed invited LRH and A. J. Burks into the fold because he wished an infusion of character-driven stories. Or as Ron himself explains, “he was going to get people into his stories and get something going besides machines.” Then, too, in describing himself as initially diffident and, actually, “quite ignorant” of that science fiction realm, Ron is touching upon another highly significant point: that is, what initially fueled that golden age was not, as is so frequently argued, a John Campbell vision of brave new technological wonders penned by a stable of techno-authors from MIT and Cal Tech. No, what fueled the new science fiction was the same stuff fueling all great pulp fiction – which is to say, all we have thus far examined in “this business of writing.”
Nevertheless, and despite all inherent differences, L. Ron Hubbard and John W. Campbell soon set forth beneath the banner of a new science fiction. The first LRH offering, and not one Campbell would have necessarily published had F. Orlin Tremaine left him unfettered, was entitled “The Dangerous Dimension.” In contrast to the typical Campbell setting amidst gleaming spaceports off the rings of Saturn, that most startling “dangerous dimension” opens in the utterly prosaic office of Yamouth University’s Professor Henry Mudge. Nor do we find the usual ranks of simmering beakers or curiously blinking contraptions. Rather, here is nothing more exotic than a “snowdrift of wasted paper” and strewn texts from shelves of arcane metaphysics. What ultimately emerges from that heap of “limp-leaved” texts is a tale of purely intellectual exploration, or what Tremaine had previously described as “thought variant.” In this case, it seems Professor Mudge has stumbled upon a mathematical door to a “negative dimension,” and has only to think of some distant location in order to physically transport himself. That he cannot control his thoughts, finally proves his undoing and so raises the recurring LRH theme involving failures to harness technological advancement.
By the same token, however, the friendship was real, and many an LRH letter tells of dinners at the Campbell home in the wastes of New Jersey, and lengthy lunches over plates of a “horrible ham” garnished with slices of pineapple. Campbell was additionally among the first to sense what Dianetics represented as the means by which we might venture into that greatest unknown of all, the universe of the self. Then, too, it was Campbell who, inspired by later LRH research, began calling for stories, not set in a distant future, but a prehistoric past – which, in turn, has arguably led to all we now celebrate as a new golden age of science fiction with tales from galaxies far away and a long, long time ago.
CSI (n.d.) The Golden Age. lronhubbard.org. Retrieved on 3 October 2011 from http://writer.lronhubbard.org/page74.htm;http://writer.lronhubbard.org/page76.htm; http://writer.lronhubbard.org/page84.htm
lronhubbard.org wrote:The Shaping of Fear
Eventually, those surrounding LRH would tell several apocryphal tales regarding his authorship of Fear: how the work had virtually possessed him, how it had first been conceived over barbecued steaks on John Campbell’s New Jersey lawn, how Ron had furiously rewritten the work on a midnight train from Connecticut. None of it is verifiable, and the best description of how he came to author a tale of which so much would be said is found in his letters to friends from the third week in January 1940.
CSI. (n.d.) The Shaping of Fear. lronhubbard.org. Retrieved on 3 October 2011 from http://writer.lronhubbard.org/page79.htm
_____________lronhubbard.org wrote:Among the more revealing notes on this business of writing, and of particular significance to anyone who has faced a fickle editor, is Ron’s “How to Drive a Writer Crazy.”
Although undated, it would seem to fit the infamously difficult John W. Campbell – forever bombarding authors with contradictory ideas and frightening more than a few into mental paralysis, “by showing his vast knowledge of a field,...especially on subjects where nothing is known anyway.” In either case, what Ron describes is not merely amusing; it is also the ruin of many a young literary talent.
CSI. (n.d.) How to Drive a Writer Crazy. lronhubbard.org. Retrieved on 3 October 2011 from http://writer.lronhubbard.org/page73.htm
In a 13 May 1942 letter to Heinlein, Campbell suggested that Heinlein relay some highly personal information about Hubbard to USN officer A. B. Scoles for recruitment purposes. Campbell said that Hubbard was temporarily confined to Sick Officers Quarters, angry and bitter and afraid; he suspected Hubbard's anger and bitterness was due to him being "among those licked" at sea in the battle of the Java Sea, allegedly because Allied air power had not given "adequate coverage." It is quite clear that Hubbard had BSed Campbell about his war wounds, the action he saw, his CE degree, and his pilot's license. (Heinlein archives: CORR218-3). Hubbard similarly BSed Heinlein with the same claims.
Campbell also claimed certain knowledge of Hubbard having spent six weeks in a Navy psych ward:
[quote="In the July 1999 edition of the Heinlein Journal, Heinlein biographer William "Bill" H. Patterson Jr."] Heinlein kept in touch with his friends. L. Ron Hubbard was stationed in the Pacific, but toward the end of the war he wound up in Philadelphia and was a participant in Heinlein's think tank.In a 1953 letter to Jerry Pournelle, John W. Campbell Jr. wrote:Let's stop using the term "psychology" as we have and stick to the, term "professional Psychiatry" - a legally existent entity, which I can discuss in terms of the facts, of it's practices.
The practicing psychiatrist is rushed; during the war, Hubbard learned to hate the profession violently, because of the practices actually used in fact. Theory be blowed; after being knocked down by some decidedly rugged experiences - he was in the fracas from the beginning, war on Java when the Japs landed, and finished only after V-J day - the Navy psychiatrists did in fact treat him to a six week quickie process.
If you have any delusions that that six-week quickie bears any resemblance to what you're talking about - believe me; it very genuinely doesn't.
It consists of some very violently authoritative statements as to what's the trouble with you, and if you want to get out of this institution, you darned well better admit that these things are wrong with you, right now, and do it the way you're told to. Sure - I know that isn't what you mean by Psychiatry. But somebody must have, or they wouldn't have done it!
Campbell, J. W., Chapdelaine, P. A., Chapdelaine, T., & Hay, G. (1985). The John W. Campbell letters: Vol 1. Franklin, TN: AC Projects.
Also in 1950, Campbell began publishing the series of Dianetics articles by Heinlein's close friend, L. Ron Hubbard, after they had been rejected by the Journal of the American Medical Association. While writing the Old Doc Methuselah stories, and after serving as a magickal assistant for one of Aleister Crowley's most promising American disciples, Jack Parsons, in The Babalon Working, Hubbard developed a "new" theory of the mind based on his observations (and, some say, secret doctrines of Crowley's Ordo Templi Orientalis, or "O.T.O.") rather than on psychiatric theory. Hubbard's "Dianetics" was to be a "scientific" replacement for the pre-scientific Freud. Dianetics monitoring, using a psionic device called the E-meter (psionics devices -- machines that interacted directly with the mind -- were Campbell's new passion in the 1950's), became something of a fad in the science fiction community, but Hubbard was running into stiff resistance from the convention-minded medical community, who were inclined to become nasty about Dianetics monitors practicing medicine without a license. Heinlein had told Hubbard in conversations in Philadelphia during World War II that a religion could successfully front anything in the U.S.
Hubbard followed Heinlein's now ten-year old advice, abandoning Dianetics. The Founding Church of Scientology opened in January 1955 in Washington D.C. and in New York. Heinlein's advice to Hubbard had allowed him completely to bypass the medical opposition; for the next fifteen years, Hubbard's principal bêtes noirs would be the Internal Revenue Service (but Heinlein was right: the IRS was never able to prove Scientology a fake religion under U.S. law, and they eventually gave up after being defeated in decision after decision).
Patterson, B. (1999, July) "Robert A. Heinlein: A Biographical Sketch" Heinlein Journal No 5. [/quote]
Campbell, J. W., Chapdelaine, P. A., Chapdelaine, T., Hay, G., Asimov, I., & Van, V. A. E. (1985). The John W. Campbell letters. Franklin, TN: AC Projects.
Berger, A. I. (1972). The magic that works: John W. Campbell and the American response to technology.
Abstract: http://journals.cambridge.org/data/firs ... stract.jpg
Ashley, M., & Ashley, M. (2000). The time machines: The story of the science-fiction pulp magazines from the beginning to 1950. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.
Edit: Added links.